Best time to hunt for Psilocybe cubensis
Psilocybe cubensis is a type of magic mushroom found throughout the world. Its active compounds are psilocybin and psilocin. Cubes are a reddish to golden brown colour with a light-coloured ring and turn purple when bruised. When mature the tops are planar with gills that attach horizontally to the stem. The gills form close together and hold purple coloured spores that germinate in a suitable substrate.
Other names it is known as include:
- Golden caps
- Golden teacher.
Psilocybe cubensis is one of the most common of the magic mushroom family. It is a dung loving species that grows in the dung of herbivores such as cows, horses and goats. It grows in humid grasslands as well as in subtropical and tropical areas. These magic mushies love areas where the humidity is above 85% most of the time where there are animals that eat grass.
You can find them all year in countries with the right conditions. In America cubes grow in river valleys and the highlands of Peru, Colombia, Argentina, Venezuela and Ecuador. They also grow across areas of Australia, Cambodia, India and Thailand.
Cubes love dung because of the lack of stomach acid produced by grass eating animals. When cows eat grass containing the mushroom spores they germinate in the cow’s warm stomach. They then grow in animal dung in humid conditions.
You can find cubes within a few hundred miles of the Gulf Coast in spring and autumn. From Galveston to Miami and as far north as Tennessee you can find them in cow pastures. But you need to know your wild mushrooms as making a mistake can make you very sick and even cause death.
They can grow in groups and clusters, and even scattered among the dung. Cubes usually show their golden heads within two or three days of heavy rain in cow paddocks.
Recognising Psilocybe cubensis
The following characteristics will help you recognise cubes in the wild:
- The mushroom cap is between 1.5 to 10 cm across and is conical, bell-shaped or oval when mature. As it matures, the cap gradually expands into a convex with a smooth surface. The young mushrooms have small white coloured veil remnants that become viscous when damp. The colour varies from brown to a yellowish colour. They can be a cinnamon colour when immature and a dark olive colour when old.
- The firm white flesh bruises to a blue or blue-green colour.
- Spore print. The spore print is a dark purple-brown to black colour. The spores are 11-17 x 7-12 microns and oval shaped. They have thick walls and are smooth.
- The gills are adnate to adnexed and sometimes pull away from their attachment. They are close and narrow where they attach and become wider at the edges. Immature cubes have light-coloured to grey gills that darken to a dark purple black as they age wile the edges stay a white or light colour.
- The stalk grows from 4 to 15 cm long and up to 1.5 cm thick. It is often thicker at the bottom of the stem. It is smooth and is usually white or a yellowy brown colour
- The veil is membranous that is white or blue stained in colour. It forms a thin, fragile ring around the stalk that becomes black when the spores are falling.
How much to take
How much of this magic mushroom you take depends on whether it is your first time or not. Magic mushies effect people in different ways so it is best to start with a low dose of just 1 gram in its dried state to see how it affects you. Where 3 to 5 grams of dried material is a low dose for experienced people that will produce a moderate to intense hallucinations.
You will start to feel the effects 20 to 40 minutes after ingesting them and these can last for up to 8 hours. When trying cubes for the first time it is best to start with a small dose to find out how they affect you.
Happy cube hunting. Let us know where you are finding yours in what part of the world.